April 20, 1999


VIA EDGAR

Securities and Exchange Commission
450 Fifth Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20549

Re:  Kaiser Aluminum Corporation (the "Company"); Definitive 
     Proxy Materials

Ladies and Gentlemen:

     On behalf of the Company and pursuant to Rule 14a-6(b)
promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as
amended, please find attached the Definitive Proxy Statement
with respect to the 1999 Annual Meeting of Stockholders,
including the Notice of 1999 Annual Meeting, and form of
Proxy.  It is intended that these materials will be released
to the Company's stockholders commencing on or about April 21,
1999.

     A hard copy of the actual performance graph has been
provided via Federal Express to Charles A. Sjoquist, Branch
Chief, under our cover dated April 20, 1999.

     Please be advised that by copy of this letter, six (6)
copies of such materials are being delivered the New York
Stock Exchange.

     Please contact the undersigned at (925) 847-5882 with any
questions or comments you may have.

                                   Sincerely,


                                   /s/ John M. Donnan
                                   John M. Donnan
                                   General Attorney

cc:  w/ Enclosures

VIA FEDERAL EXPRESS
Mr. Hugh O'Brien
New York Stock Exchange
20 Broad Street, 18th Floor
New York, New York 10005


    PROXY STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 14(a) OF THE 
              SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934


Filed by the Registrant /x / 
Filed by a Party other than the Registrant  /  /

     Check the appropriate box:
/  / Preliminary Proxy Statement
/  / Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only
     (As permitted by Rule 14(a)-6(e)(2))
/x / Definitive Proxy Statement
/  / Definitive Additional Materials
/  / Soliciting Material Pursuant to Section 240.14a-12 

      Kaiser Aluminum Corporation
- --------------------------------------------------------
(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)

      Kaiser Aluminum Corporation
- --------------------------------------------------------
(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement)

     Payment of Filing Fee (Check the appropriate box):

/x / No fee required
/  / Fee computed on table below per Exchange Act Rules
     14a-6(i)(4) and 0-11.
     1) Title of each class of securities to which
     transaction applies:

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     2) Aggregate number of securities to which transaction
applies:

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     3) Per unit price or other underlying value of
transaction computed pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 0-11 (Set
forth the amount on which the filing fee is calculated and
state how it was determined):

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     4) Proposed maximum aggregate value of transaction:

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     5) Total fee paid:

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/  / Fee paid previously with preliminary materials.
/  / Check box if any part of the fee is offset as provided by
Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for which
the offsetting fee was paid previously.  Identify the previous
filing by registration statement number, or the Form or
Schedule and the date of its filing.

     (1)  Amount Previously Paid:

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     (2)  Form, Schedule or Registration Statement No.:

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     (3)  Filing Party:

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     (4)  Date Filed:

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                 Kaiser Aluminum Corporation
                               
                               
                               
                               
                                                 April 19, 1999


To Our Stockholders:

     You are cordially invited to attend the Annual Meeting of
Stockholders (the "Annual Meeting") of Kaiser Aluminum
Corporation (the "Company") to be held at 11:30 a.m. on
Wednesday, May 19, 1999, at Waterwood National Resort and
Country Club, 1 Waterwood Parkway, Huntsville, Texas.

     At the Annual Meeting, the holders of the Company's
Common Stock, par value $.01 per share ("Common Stock"), on
March 23, 1999 (all such holders being collectively referred
to as the "Stockholders") will consider and vote, as a single
class, (i) in the election of directors, and (ii) upon such
other business as may properly be presented to the Annual
Meeting or any adjournments or postponements thereof.

     Each Stockholder is entitled to receive notice of and to
vote at the Annual Meeting and is urged to attend.  Holders of
shares of Common Stock have one vote for each share held of
record.  Whether or not you intend to be present at the Annual
Meeting, we urge you to complete, date, sign and promptly
return the enclosed proxy card.

     We look forward to seeing as many of you as possible at
the Annual Meeting.


/s/ George T. Haymaker, Jr.        /s/ Raymond J. Milchovich
GEORGE T. HAYMAKER, JR.            RAYMOND J. MILCHOVICH
  Chairman of the Board and         President and Chief 
  Chief Executive Officer           Operating Officer


                  KAISER ALUMINUM CORPORATION
                  5847 San Felipe, Suite 2600
                      Houston, Texas 77057




            NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
                    To Be Held May 19, 1999


     The Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the "Annual Meeting")
of Kaiser Aluminum Corporation (the "Company") will be held at
Waterwood National Resort and Country Club, 1 Waterwood
Parkway, Huntsville, Texas, on Wednesday, May 19, 1999, at
11:30 a.m., Houston time, for the following purposes:

     1.   To elect six (6) directors to hold office until
          the Company's 2000 Annual Meeting of
          Stockholders or until their respective
          successors are elected and qualified; and 

     2.   To consider and transact such other business as
          may properly be presented to the Annual Meeting
          or any adjournments or postponements thereof.

     Holders of record of the Company's Common Stock, par
value $.01 per share (the "Common Stock"), as of the close of
business on March 23, 1999, are entitled to notice of and to
vote at the Annual Meeting (all such holders being
collectively referred to as the "Stockholders").  The
Stockholder list will be available commencing May 7, 1999, and
may be inspected for purposes germane to the Annual Meeting
during normal business hours prior to the Annual Meeting at
the offices of the Company, 5847 San Felipe, Suite 2600,
Houston, Texas.

                         By Order of the Board of Directors

                         /s/ John Wm. Niemand II

                         JOHN WM. NIEMAND II
                         Secretary

April 19, 1999







                           IMPORTANT

     Please complete, date and sign the enclosed proxy card
and return it promptly in the enclosed envelope provided for
your convenience and which requires no postage if mailed in
the United States.  Any Stockholder who attends the Annual
Meeting may vote personally on all matters brought before the
Annual Meeting by following the procedures described in the
attached Proxy Statement.  In that event, your proxy will not
be used. 
                  KAISER ALUMINUM CORPORATION
                  5847 San Felipe, Suite 2600
                      Houston, Texas 77057

                       PROXY STATEMENT
                              for
                 ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
                    To Be Held May 19, 1999

     This proxy statement (the "Proxy Statement") is furnished
to Stockholders (as defined below) in connection with the
solicitation of proxies on behalf of the Board of Directors of
Kaiser Aluminum Corporation (the "Company"), a Delaware
corporation, to be voted at the Company's Annual Meeting of
Stockholders (the "Annual Meeting") to be held on Wednesday,
May 19, 1999, and any adjournments or postponements thereof,
at the time and place and for the purposes set forth in the
accompanying Notice of Annual Meeting of Stockholders.  The
principal executive offices of the Company are located at 5847
San Felipe, Suite 2600, Houston, Texas 77057, telephone (713)
267-3777.

     This Proxy Statement, the Notice of Annual Meeting of
Stockholders and the accompanying proxy card and Pre-
Registration Form are being mailed, commencing on or about
April 21, 1999, to the record holders as of the close of
business on March 23, 1999, of the Company's Common Stock, par
value $.01 per share (the "Common Stock") (all such holders
being collectively referred to as the "Stockholders").

     Holders of shares of Common Stock have one vote for each
share held of record.  As of March 23, 1999, there were
79,153,543 outstanding shares of Common Stock.  

     We cordially invite you to attend the Annual Meeting. 
Whether or not you plan to attend, please complete, date, sign
and promptly return your proxy card in the enclosed envelope. 
The persons authorized to act as proxies at the Annual
Meeting, individually or jointly, as listed on the proxy card
are George T. Haymaker, Jr., Charles E. Hurwitz, John T. La
Duc and E. Bruce Butler.  You may revoke your proxy at any
time prior to its exercise at the Annual Meeting by giving
notice to the Company's Secretary, by filing a later-dated
proxy or, if you attend the Annual Meeting, by voting your
shares in person.  Proxies for the Common Stock will be voted
in accordance with the directions specified thereon or, in the
absence of instructions, "FOR" the election of the directors
as set forth in this Proxy Statement.  

     All Stockholders, or their duly appointed proxies, may
attend the Annual Meeting.  Seating, however, is limited. 
Admission to the Annual Meeting will be on a first-come,
first-served basis.  Registration is expected to  begin at
10:00 a.m., and seating is expected to be available at 11:00
a.m.  Cameras, recording equipment, communication devices or
other similar equipment will not be permitted in the meeting
room without the prior written consent of the Company.  In
addition, posters, placards and other signs and materials may
not be displayed in the meeting room.  The Annual Meeting will
be conducted in accordance with certain rules and procedures
established by the Company.  These rules and procedures will
be announced or otherwise made available at the Annual
Meeting.

     PLEASE NOTE THAT IF YOU HOLD YOUR SHARES IN "STREET NAME"
(THAT IS, THROUGH A BROKER, BANK OR OTHER NOMINEE), YOU WILL
NEED TO BRING A COPY OF A BROKERAGE OR SIMILAR STATEMENT
REFLECTING YOUR STOCK OWNERSHIP AS OF THE RECORD DATE.  ALL
STOCKHOLDERS, OR THEIR DULY APPOINTED PROXIES, WILL BE
REQUIRED TO CHECK IN AT THE REGISTRATION DESK PRIOR TO THE
ANNUAL MEETING.  IN ADDITION, ALL STOCKHOLDERS, REGARDLESS OF
THEIR FORM OF OWNERSHIP, AND ALL PROXIES WILL ALSO BE REQUIRED
TO VERIFY THEIR IDENTITY WITH A DRIVER'S LICENSE OR OTHER
APPROPRIATE IDENTIFICATION BEARING A PHOTOGRAPH.

     In order to expedite your admission to the Annual
Meeting, we suggest that you pre-register by completing and
submitting the form being sent to you with this Proxy
Statement.  Alternatively, you may pre-register by calling the
Company's Shareholder Services department at 1-800-256-1601. 
Persons who pre-register will be required to verify their
identity with a driver's license or other appropriate
identification bearing a photograph.

     The presence, in person or by proxy, of the holders of
shares of Common Stock entitled to cast a majority of the
votes entitled to be cast at the Annual Meeting is required to
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at the
Annual Meeting.  Under Delaware law, abstentions and broker
non-votes (i.e., shares held in street name as to which the
broker, bank or other nominee has no discretionary power to
vote on a particular matter, has received no instructions from
the persons entitled to vote such shares, and has
appropriately advised the Company that it lacks voting
authority) are counted for purposes of determining the
presence or absence of a quorum for the transaction of
business, but will not be treated as shares present and
entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting (and not counted in the
vote totals) with respect to such matters on which the broker
could not vote.  A plurality of the votes present, in person
or by proxy, is necessary for the election of directors.  With
regard to the election of directors, votes may be cast in
favor or withheld; votes that are withheld and broker non-
votes will be excluded entirely from the vote and will have no
effect on the outcome.  Abstentions may not be specified in
the election of directors.  

     PLEASE COMPLETE, DATE AND SIGN THE ENCLOSED PROXY CARD
AND RETURN IT PROMPTLY IN THE ENVELOPE PROVIDED.  IF YOUR
SHARES ARE REGISTERED IN THE NAME OF A BROKER, BANK OR OTHER
NOMINEE, PLEASE CONTACT THE PERSON RESPONSIBLE FOR YOUR
ACCOUNT AND INSTRUCT HIM OR HER TO VOTE THE PROXY CARD AS SOON
AS POSSIBLE.  IF YOU PLAN TO ATTEND THE ANNUAL MEETING TO VOTE
IN PERSON AND YOUR SHARES ARE REGISTERED IN THE NAME OF A
BROKER, BANK OR OTHER NOMINEE, YOU MUST SECURE A PROXY FROM
SUCH NOMINEE ASSIGNING VOTING RIGHTS TO YOU FOR YOUR SHARES.


                    ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
                               
     At the Annual Meeting, six directors will be elected by
the Stockholders to serve until the 2000 Annual Meeting or
until their respective successors are duly elected and
qualified.  The six nominees receiving the highest number of
votes will be elected.  

     The six persons nominated for election to the Board of
Directors at the Annual Meeting are Robert J. Cruikshank,
George T. Haymaker, Jr., Charles E. Hurwitz, Ezra G. Levin,
Raymond J. Milchovich and James D. Woods.  Messrs. Cruikshank,
Haymaker, Hurwitz and Levin are currently members of the Board
of Directors.  See, "Executive Officers and Directors" and
"Principal Stockholders" for information concerning each of
the nominees, including their business experience during the
past five years and the number of shares of Common Stock owned
beneficially by each of them as of April 9, 1999.  Each of the
nominees has consented to serve as a member of the Board of
Directors if elected. 

     The persons named in the proxies will vote the shares
represented thereby for the election of the foregoing named
nominees except where authority has been withheld as to a
particular nominee or as to all such nominees.  Should any
nominee decline or be unable to serve as a director of the
Company, which is not anticipated, the persons named in the
proxies will vote for the election of such other person as the
Board of Directors may recommend.

     The Board of Directors recommends a vote "FOR" the
election of all such nominees.


                        OTHER BUSINESS
                               
     Neither the Board of Directors nor management intends to
bring before the Annual Meeting any business other than the
matter referred to in the Notice of Annual Meeting of
Stockholders and this Proxy Statement, nor is any stockholder
entitled under the Company's Amended and Restated By-laws to
bring any such other matter before the Annual Meeting. 
Nonetheless, if any other business should properly come before
the Annual Meeting, or any adjournments or postponements
thereof, the persons named on the enclosed proxy card will
vote on such matters according to their best judgment.

THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND ITS COMMITTEES       

     The Board of Directors of the Company (sometimes referred
to herein as the "Board") held four meetings and acted by
written consent on one occasion during 1998.  In addition,
management confers frequently with its directors on an
informal basis to discuss Company affairs.  During 1998, no
director attended fewer than 75% of the aggregate of the
meetings of the Board and all committees of the Board on which
he served.

     The Board currently has five standing committees.  These
committees consist of the Executive, Audit, Compensation
Policy, Section 162(m) Compensation, and Strategic Planning
Committees.  

     The Executive Committee meets on call and has authority
to act on most matters during the intervals between meetings
of the entire Board.  The current members are Messrs. Haymaker
and Hurwitz (Chairman).  The Executive Committee, which did
not meet during 1998, acted by written consent four times.

     The current members of the Audit Committee are Messrs.
Levin, Marcus (Chairman) and Petris.  The Audit Committee
meets with appropriate Company financial and legal personnel,
internal auditors and independent public accountants and
reviews the internal controls of the Company and the
objectivity and appropriateness of its financial reporting. 
The Audit Committee also recommends to the Board the
appointment and retention of the independent public
accountants to serve as auditors in examining the corporate
accounts of the Company and has the authority to supervise and
direct the financial reporting, affairs, policies and
procedures of the Company, limited only by restrictions
imposed by applicable law, rule or regulation.  The
independent public accountants periodically meet privately
with the Audit Committee and have access to the Audit
Committee at any time.  The Audit Committee met two times
during 1998.

     The Compensation Policy Committee (the "Policy
Committee") reviews and approves proposals concerning or
relating to the establishment or change of benefits plans,
material amendments to any existing benefit plan,  salaries or
other compensation, except to the extent that (i) such
authority has been delegated by the Board to the Section
162(m) Compensation Committee (the "Section 162(m) Committee")
or designated officers, or (ii) such plans are governed by the
Board or a subsidiary's board of directors or covered by a
collective bargaining arrangement or other agreement. 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Policy Committee also
supervises plan committees other than the Section 162(m)
Committee and may delegate the administration and investment
decisions concerning plans to committees established for those
purposes.  Messrs. Cruikshank, Levin (Chairman) and Marcus
currently serve as members of the Policy Committee.  The
Policy Committee, which met 30 times during 1998, did not act
by written consent during 1998.

     The Section 162(m) Committee administers and approves
amendments to the Company's plans or programs which are
intended to comply with the provisions of Section 162(m) of
the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as it may be amended from
time to time (the "Code").  The Section 162(m) Committee also
establishes the criteria to be used in determining awards to
be made pursuant to such plans and programs.  Messrs.
Cruikshank and Marcus (Chairman) currently serve as members of
the Section 162(m) Committee.  The Section 162(m) Committee,
which met 30 times during 1998, did not act by written consent
during 1998.

     The Strategic Planning Committee serves in an advisory
capacity to the Company's management and the Board and
consults with management from time to time in connection with
management's review and analysis of alternative strategies to
create increased stockholder value.  Messrs. Cruikshank
(Chairman), Levin and Marcus currently serve as members of the
Strategic Planning Committee.  The Strategic Planning
Committee, which met four times during 1998, did not act by
written consent during 1998.

     The Board does not have a standing nominating committee
nor does it have any committee performing a similar function.

Director Compensation

     Each of the directors who was not an employee of the
Company, the Company's parent, MAXXAM Inc. ("MAXXAM"), or the
Company's principal subsidiary, Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical
Corporation ("KACC"), received a base fee of $40,000 for 1998,
$10,000 of which was paid in the form of an option to purchase
shares of Common Stock as more fully described below.  Non-
employee directors of the Company who were also non-employee
directors of MAXXAM received director or committee fees for
serving as a director of the Company and/or KACC in addition
to the fees received from MAXXAM.  In addition, the Chairman
of each of the committees was paid a fee of $3,000 per year
for services as Chairman.  All committee members also received
a fee of $1,500 per day per committee meeting held in person
on a date other than a Board meeting date and $500 per formal
telephonic committee meeting.  In respect of 1998, Messrs.
Cruikshank, Levin, Marcus and Petris received an aggregate of
$20,000, $20,500, $23,000 and $2,500, respectively, in such
committee fees from the Company and KACC in the form of cash
payments.

     Non-employee directors are also eligible to participate
in the Kaiser 1997 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan (the "1997
Omnibus Plan") and a program pursuant to which each non-
employee director of the Company is eligible to receive an
option to purchase Common Stock at the average of the high and
low market price of the Common Stock on the day of the grant. 
In each instance the grant is intended to have a value of
$10,000, and the number of shares covered by the options is
determined using a modified Black-Scholes option pricing
method.  The program provides for such options to be granted
annually at the Company's regularly scheduled meeting of the
Board in December.  Each option becomes exercisable as to all
of the shares covered by the option one year from the date of
the grant.  On December 8, 1998, Messrs. Cruikshank, Levin,
Marcus and Petris each received options under the program to
purchase 2,439 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of
$6.125 per share.

     The Company also has a program pursuant to which a one-
time grant of an option to purchase Common Stock is made to
each new non-employee director of the Company based on the
market price of such stock on the day of the grant.  In each
instance the grant is to have a value of $10,000, and the
number of shares covered by the option is to be determined
using a modified Black-Scholes option pricing method.  Each
option becomes exercisable as to all of the shares covered by
the option one year from the date of the grant.  No options
were granted under this program in 1998.

     KACC has adopted programs identical to the programs
described in the two preceding paragraphs, and each of the
Company and KACC has expressed its intention that the programs
not be deemed to duplicate benefits with respect to
individuals who serve as a director of both the Company and
KACC.

     The Company and KACC also have a deferred compensation
program in which all non-employee directors are eligible to
participate.  By executing a deferred fee agreement, a non-
employee director may defer all or part of the fees from the
Company and KACC for services in such capacity for any
calendar year.  The deferred fees are credited to a book
account as of the date such fees would have been paid to the
director and are deemed "invested", in 25% increments, in two
investment choices: in phantom shares of Common Stock and/or
in an account bearing interest calculated using one-twelfth of
the sum of the prime rate plus 2% on the first day of each
month.  If deferred, fees, including all earnings credited to
the book account, are paid in cash to the director or
beneficiary as soon as practicable following the date the
director ceases for any reason to be a member of the Board,
either in a lump sum or in a specified number of annual
installments not to exceed ten, at the director's election. 

     Subject to the approval of the Chairman of the Board,
directors may also be paid additional ad hoc fees for
extraordinary services in the amount of $750 per one-half day
or $1,500 per day.  Directors are reimbursed for travel and
other disbursements relating to Board and committee meetings
and non-employee directors are provided travel accident
insurance in respect of Company-related business travel.  

     Fees to directors who are also employees of KACC or
MAXXAM are deemed to be included in their salary.  Directors
of the Company were also directors of KACC and received the
foregoing compensation for acting in both capacities. 


EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS      

     The following table sets forth certain information, as of
April 19, 1999, with respect to the executive officers,
directors and nominees for director of the Company and certain
executive officers of KACC.  All officers and directors hold
office until their respective successors are elected and
qualified or until their earlier resignation or removal.

Name - ---- Positions and Offices with the Company - -------------------------------------- George T. Haymaker, Jr. Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director Raymond J. Milchovich President and Chief Operating Officer John T. La Duc Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer Joseph A. Bonn Vice President, Planning and Development E. Bruce Butler Vice President and General Counsel Robert E. Cole* Vice President, Government Affairs Wayne R. Hale* Vice President, and President of Kaiser Primary Products Jack A. Hockema Vice President, and President of Kaiser Engineered Products W. Scott Lamb Vice President, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications Daniel D. Maddox Vice President and Controller Keith T. Milne Vice President, Corporate Development Ronald L. Reman Vice President, Taxes Geoffrey W. Smith Vice President, and President of Kaiser Alumina Karen A. Twitchell Vice President and Treasurer Kris S. Vasan* Vice President, Financial Risk Management John H. Walker* Vice President, and President of Kaiser Flat-Rolled Products John Wm. Niemand II Secretary Charles E. Hurwitz Vice Chairman of the Board* and Director Robert J. Cruikshank Director Ezra G. Levin Director Robert Marcus Director Robert J. Petris Director James D. Woods - -- * KACC only
George T. Haymaker, Jr. Mr. Haymaker, age 61, was elected to the positions of Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of the Company and KACC effective January 1, 1994 and served as President of the Company and KACC from May 1996 and June 1996, respectively, through July 1997. From May 1993 to December 1993, Mr. Haymaker served as President and Chief Operating Officer of the Company and KACC. Mr. Haymaker became a director of the Company in May 1993, and a director of KACC in June 1993. From 1987 to April 1993, Mr. Haymaker was a partner in a partnership which acquired, redirected and operated small to medium sized companies in the metals industry. Since July 1987, Mr. Haymaker has been a director, and from February 1992 through March 1993 was President, of Midamerica Holdings (formerly Metalmark Corporation), which is in the business of semi- fabrication of aluminum extrusions. From May 1986 until February 1993, he also served as President of West Coast Sales Corp., which provides management and acquisition services. Mr. Haymaker also served as Chief Executive Officer and a director of Amarlite Architectural Products, Inc., a producer of architectural curtain wall and entrance products, from August 1990 to April 1992 and from April 1989 to February 1993, respectively. He was a director of American Powdered Metals Company, which is engaged in the manufacture of powdered metal components, from August 1988 to March 1993, and Hayken Metals Asia Limited, which represents manufacturers of aluminum and metal products, from January 1988 to April 1993. From 1984 to 1986, Mr. Haymaker served as Executive Vice President-Aluminum Operations of Alumax Inc., responsible for all primary aluminum and semifabricating activities. Mr. Haymaker is also a director of Flowserve Corporation, a provider of valves, pumps and seals. Raymond J. Milchovich. Mr. Milchovich, age 49, became President and Chief Operating Officer of the Company and KACC in July 1997. He became a Vice President of the Company in May 1997 and served in such capacity through July 1997. He served as Vice President, President of Kaiser Flat-Rolled Products, of KACC from June 1995 through July 1997. From July 1986 to June 1995, Mr. Milchovich served as Divisional Vice President of KACC's flat-rolled products business unit and Works Manager of KACC's Trentwood facility in Spokane, Washington. Mr. Milchovich is a nominee for director of the Company. John T. La Duc. Mr. La Duc, age 56, was elected Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company effective September 1, 1998, and of KACC effective July 31, 1998. Mr. La Duc served as Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company from June 1989 and May 1990, respectively, and was Treasurer of the Company from August 1995 until February 1996 and from January 1993 until April 1993. He was also Treasurer of KACC from June 1995 until February 1996, and served as Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of KACC from June 1989 and January 1990, respectively. Since September 1990, Mr. La Duc has served as Senior Vice President of MAXXAM. Mr. La Duc also serves as a Vice President and a director of MAXXAM Group Holdings Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of MAXXAM and parent of MAXXAM's forest products operations ("MGHI"), as a Vice President and manager on the Board of Managers of Scotia Pacific Company LLC ("Scopac LLC"), a wholly owned subsidiary of MAXXAM engaged in forest product operations and successor by merger in July 1998 to Scotia Pacific Holding Company, and as a director and Vice President of The Pacific Lumber Company, the parent of Scopac LLC ("Pacific Lumber"). He previously served as Chief Financial Officer of MAXXAM from September 1990 until December 1994. Joseph A. Bonn. Mr. Bonn, age 55, has been Vice President of the Company since May 1997 and has been Vice President, Planning and Development of KACC since March 1997. He served as Vice President, Planning and Administration of the Company and KACC from February 1992 and July 1989, respectively, through May 1997 and July 1997, respectively. Mr. Bonn has served as a Vice President of KACC since April 1987 and served as Senior Vice President-Administration of MAXXAM from September 1991 through December 1992. He was also KACC's Director of Strategic Planning from April 1987 until July 1989. From September 1982 to April 1987, Mr. Bonn served as General Manager of various aluminum fabricating divisions. E. Bruce Butler. Mr. Butler, age 59, became Vice President and General Counsel of the Company and KACC in March 1997. Prior to becoming Vice President and General Counsel of both companies, Mr. Butler served as Assistant General Counsel - Kaiser International of KACC from August 1996. Immediately prior to joining the Company and KACC, Mr. Butler practiced in the Los Angeles office of Arter & Hadden. Prior to joining Arter & Hadden, Mr. Butler served as Vice President and General Counsel of Allied Signal Aerospace Company from 1988 to 1994 and International Counsel of Allied Signal, Inc. from 1984 through 1987. From 1971 through 1984, Mr. Butler practiced with Patton, Boggs & Blow, where he became a partner in 1977 and served as the Resident Partner in the firm's London office. Robert E. Cole. Mr. Cole, age 52, has been a Vice President of KACC since March 1981. Since September 1990, Mr. Cole also has served as Vice President-Federal Government Affairs of MAXXAM and as a Vice President of Pacific Lumber. Mr. Cole is currently Chairman of the United States Auto Parts Advisory Committee to the United States Congress. Wayne R. Hale. Mr. Hale, age 43, became a Vice President of KACC effective November 1997 and President of Kaiser Primary Products effective December 1997. From January 1, 1997, until accepting his current position, Mr. Hale served as the Managing Director of Anglesey Aluminium Limited, a United Kingdom corporation 49% owned by KACC ("Anglesey"), on behalf of Rio Tinto plc, the owner of the 51% interest in Anglesey. Anglesey owns and operates an aluminum smelter and port facility in Holyhead, Wales. Between August 1990 and December 1996, Mr. Hale was employed by KACC and served as Technical Manager and then Operations Manager of the Anglesey smelter before becoming Managing Director of Anglesey in August 1995. Jack A. Hockema. Mr. Hockema, age 52, became a Vice President of the Company in May 1997. Mr. Hockema became Vice President of KACC and President of Kaiser Engineered Products in March 1997. He served as President of Kaiser Extruded Products and Engineered Components from September 1996 to March 1997. Mr. Hockema served as a consultant to KACC and acting President of Kaiser Engineered Components from September 1995 until September 1996. Mr. Hockema was an employee of KACC from 1977 to 1982, working at KACC's Trentwood facility, and serving as plant manager of its former Union City, California, can plant and as operations manager for Kaiser Extruded Products. Mr. Hockema left KACC to become Vice President and General Manager of Bohn Extruded Products, a division of Gulf+Western, and later served as Group Vice President of American Brass Specialty Products until June 1992. From June 1992 until September 1996, Mr. Hockema provided consulting and investment advisory services to individuals and companies in the metals industry. W. Scott Lamb. Mr. Lamb, age 44, was elected Vice President, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications of the Company effective September 1, 1998, and of KACC effective July 31, 1998. Mr. Lamb previously served as Director of Investor Relations and Corporate Communications of the Company and KACC from June 1997 through July 1998. From July 1995 through June 1997, he served as Director of Investor Relations of the Company and KACC and from January 1995 through July 1995, he served as Director of Public Relations of the Company and KACC. From January 1992 through January 1995, Mr. Lamb served as Director of Public Relations of MAXXAM. Daniel D. Maddox. Mr. Maddox, age 39, was elected to the position of Vice President and Controller of the Company effective September 1, 1998, and of KACC effective July 31, 1998. He served as Controller, Corporate Consolidation and Reporting of the Company and KACC from October 1, 1997, through September 1998 and July 1998, respectively. Mr. Maddox previously served as Assistant Corporate Controller of the Company from May 1997 to September 1997 and KACC from June 1997 to September 1997 and Director-External Reporting of KACC from June 1996 to May 1997. Mr. Maddox was with Arthur Andersen LLP from 1982 until joining KACC in June 1996. Keith T. Milne. Mr. Milne, age 44, was elected Vice President, Corporate Development of the Company effective September 1, 1998, and of KACC effective July 31, 1998. Mr. Milne previously served as Vice President, Corporate Development of KACC from September 1997. From September 1995, Mr. Milne served as Vice President, Kaiser Aluminum International of KACC. He previously served as Business Manager of KACC's Primary Aluminum Business Unit from June 1993 until September 1995, and as Assistant Treasurer of KACC from August 1992 until June 1993. Ronald L. Reman. Mr. Reman, age 41, was elected Vice President, Taxes of KACC effective July 31, 1998 and of the Company effective September 1, 1998. From September 1992 through September 1998, Mr. Reman served as Assistant Treasurer of the Company and KACC. Mr. Reman has served as Vice President-Taxes of MAXXAM since September 1992. From July 1984 until October 1986, Mr. Reman was a Senior Manager in the Tax Department of the New York office of Price Waterhouse after having served seven years with the New York office of Coopers & Lybrand. Mr. Reman also serves as Vice President-Taxes of MGHI, Pacific Lumber and Scopac LLC. Geoffrey W. Smith. Mr. Smith, age 52, has been a Vice President of the Company since May 1997, President of Kaiser Alumina of KACC since March 1999 and a Vice President of KACC since January 1992. From June 1996 through March 1999, Mr. Smith served as President of Kaiser Aluminum Commodities of KACC. From June 1995 until June 1996, Mr. Smith served as President of Kaiser Alumina of KACC, and from December 1994 until June 1995, Mr. Smith was General Manager of KACC's alumina business unit. Mr. Smith previously served as Co- General Manager of KACC's alumina business unit from September 1991 through December 1994. From September 1990 to January 1992, Mr. Smith was Divisional Vice President of KACC's alumina business unit. From August 1988 to August 1990, Mr. Smith was Director of Business Development for the alumina business unit, and from 1982 to August 1988, he was Operations/Technical Manager for KACC's Gramercy, Louisiana facility. Karen A. Twitchell. Ms. Twitchell, age 43, was elected to the position of Vice President and Treasurer of the Company effective September 1, 1998, and KACC effective July 31, 1998. She has served as Treasurer of the Company and KACC since February 1996. Prior to that time, Ms. Twitchell was Vice President and Treasurer of Southdown, Inc., a Houston-based company specializing in portland and masonry cement, from April 1994 and Treasurer from 1989. Kris S. Vasan. Mr. Vasan, age 49, has been Vice President, Financial Risk Management, of KACC since June 1995. Mr. Vasan previously served as Treasurer of the Company from April 1993 until August 1995 and as Treasurer of KACC from April 1993 until June 1995. Prior to that, Mr. Vasan served the Company and KACC as Corporate Director of Financial Planning and Analysis from June 1990 until April 1993. From October 1987 until June 1990, he served as Associate Director of Financial Planning and Analysis. John H. Walker. Mr. Walker, age 41, has been a Vice President of KACC since November 1997, and President of Kaiser Flat-Rolled Products from December 1997. From September 1996 through October 1997, Mr. Walker served as Vice President, Operations of KACC's Flat-Rolled Products business unit and Works Manager of KACC's Trentwood facility in Spokane, Washington. Prior to joining KACC, Mr. Walker spent eight years with Weirton Steel Company, a fully integrated steel producer ("Weirton Steel"). From August 1995 to September 1996, Mr. Walker was the Vice President of Operations for Weirton Steel. From March of 1994 to August 1995, he served as General Manager of Operations for Weirton Steel and prior to that served as the Director of Operating Planning from 1991 to 1994. John Wm. Niemand II. Mr. Niemand, age 54, became Secretary of the Company in May 1997 and Secretary of KACC in June 1997. He previously served as an Assistant Secretary of the Company and KACC since July 1988. Mr. Niemand served as Senior Corporate Counsel of the Company and KACC from May 1992 through December 1995, and has served as Assistant General Counsel of the Company and KACC since January 1996. Charles E. Hurwitz. Mr. Hurwitz, age 58, was appointed Vice Chairman of KACC in December 1994 and has served as a director of the Company and KACC since October and November 1988, respectively. Mr. Hurwitz has also served as a member of the Board of Directors and the Executive Committee of MAXXAM since August 1978 and was elected Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of MAXXAM in March 1980. From January 1993 to January 1998, he also served MAXXAM as President. Mr. Hurwitz has also been, since its formation in November 1996, Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer of MGHI. He has been, since January 1974, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Federated Development Company ("Federated"), a New York business trust primarily engaged in the management of real estate investments and principal stockholder of MAXXAM. Mr. Hurwitz has also served, since May 1993 and October 1995, respectively, as a director and Chairman of the Board of SHRP General Partner, Inc. ("SHRP"), the managing general partner of Sam Houston Race Park, Ltd., a Texas limited partnership which operates a horse racing facility in Texas and in which MAXXAM holds a controlling interest ("SHRP, Ltd."). Robert J. Cruikshank. Mr. Cruikshank, age 68, has served as a director of the Company and KACC since January 1994. In addition, he has been a director of MAXXAM since May 1993. Mr. Cruikshank was a Senior Partner in the international public accounting firm of Deloitte & Touche from December 1989 until his retirement in March 1993. Mr. Cruikshank served on the board of directors of Deloitte Haskins & Sells from 1981 to 1985 and as Managing Partner from June 1974 until its merger with Touche Ross & Co. in December 1989. Mr. Cruikshank also serves as a director and on the Compensation Committee of Reliant Energy Incorporated (formerly Houston Industries Incorporated), a public utility holding company with interests in electric and natural gas utilities, coal and transportation businesses; a director of Texas Biotechnology Incorporated; a trust manager of Weingarten Realty Investors; a director of American Residential Services, Inc.; and as advisory director of Compass Bank-Houston. Ezra G. Levin. Mr. Levin, age 65, has been a director of the Company since July 1991. He has been a director of KACC since November 1988, and a director of MAXXAM since May 1978. Mr. Levin also served as a director of the Company from April 1988 to May 1990. Mr. Levin has served as a director of Pacific Lumber since February 1997, and as a manager on the Board of Managers of Scopac LLC since June 1998. From January 1974 through December 1995, he served as a trustee of Federated. Mr. Levin is a partner in the law firm of Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP. James D. Woods. Mr. Woods, age 67, is a nominee for director of the Company. Mr. Woods has served as Chairman Emeritus and Consultant for Baker Hughes Incorporated from 1997 to the present, and he was Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Baker Hughes Incorporated from 1987 to 1996. Mr. Woods is a director of The Kroger Co.; Varco International, Inc.; Howmet International, Inc.; Wynn's International, Inc.; and OMI Corporation. Mr. Woods is a nominee for director of the Company. PRINCIPAL STOCKHOLDERS The following table sets forth, as of April 9, 1999, unless otherwise indicated, the undiluted beneficial ownership of the Company's equity securities by (i) those persons known by the Company to own beneficially more than 5% of the shares of any class then outstanding, (ii) each of the directors and nominees for director of the Company, (iii) each of the named executive officers listed in the Summary Compensation Table, and (iv) all directors, nominees for director and executive officers of the Company and KACC as a group.
Name of Beneficial Owner ---------------- Title of Class - -------------- # of Shares(1) - --------- % of Class - ---------- MAXXAM Inc. Common Stock 50,000,000(2) 63.2 Vanguard Windsor Funds-Windsor Fund Common Stock 5,929,334(3) 7.5 Robert J. Cruikshank Common Stock 5,773(4) * George T. Haymaker, Jr. Common Stock 237,428(5) * Charles E. Hurwitz Common Stock 250,000(6)(7) * John T. La Duc Common Stock 230,121(5) * Ezra G. Levin Common Stock 3,773(6) * Robert Marcus Common Stock 3,773(6) * Raymond J. Milchovich Common Stock 189,840(5) * Robert J. Petris Common Stock 3,773(6) * Geoffrey W. Smith Common Stock 63,600(5) * John H. Walker Common Stock 2,754 * James D. Woods Common Stock -0- * All directors, nominees for director and executive officers of the Company and KACC as a group (23 persons)
Common Stock 1,287,889(8) 1.5 - ------------ * Less than 1%. (1) Unless otherwise indicated, the beneficial owners have sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares listed in the table. Also includes options exercisable within 60 days of April 9, 1999, to acquire such shares. (2) Includes 27,938,250 shares beneficially owned by MGHI. As of April 9, 1999, such shares were pledged as security for $130.0 million principal amount of 12% Senior Secured Notes due 2003. An additional 7,915,000 shares of the Company's Common Stock were pledged by MAXXAM under a separate agreement under which $16.0 million had been borrowed by MAXXAM as of December 31, 1998. In addition to the foregoing, MAXXAM has agreed to secure each $1.0 million of borrowings with 400,000 shares of the Company's Common Stock under the terms of another $25 million credit facility ($2.5 million outstanding at December 31, 1998). The address of MAXXAM is 5847 San Felipe, Suite 2600, Houston, Texas 77057. (3) Information is based solely on the Schedule 13G filed with the SEC on February 10, 1999, by Vanguard Windsor Funds-Windsor Fund ("Vanguard") as a result of its ownership interest in the Company at December 31, 1998 (the "Vanguard 13G"). The Vanguard 13G indicates that these shares are held of record by Vanguard and that Vanguard has sole voting power and shared dispositive power with respect to these shares. Vanguard's address is P.O. Box 2600, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania 19482. In addition, Wellington Management Company, LLP, a registered investment advisor ("Wellington"), filed a Schedule 13G with the SEC on February 10, 1999, as a result of its ownership interest in these shares at December 31, 1998 (the "Wellington 13G"). The Wellington 13G indicates that Wellington does not have sole or shared voting power with respect to any of such shares and that Wellington has shared dispositive power with respect to all of such shares. Wellington's address is 75 State Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02109. (4) Includes options exercisable within 60 days of April 9, 1999, to acquire 3,773 shares of Common Stock. (5) Includes 181,033, 134,200, 102,950 and 20,240 options exercisable within 60 days of April 9, 1999, to acquire shares of Common Stock, by Messrs. Haymaker, Milchovich, La Duc and Smith, respectively. (6) Represents only options exercisable within 60 days of April 9, 1999, to acquire such shares. (7) Excludes shares owned by MAXXAM. Mr. Hurwitz may be deemed to hold beneficial ownership in the Company as a result of his beneficial ownership in MAXXAM. (8) Includes options exercisable within 60 days of April 9, 1999, to acquire 843,966 shares of Common Stock. Ownership of Parent of the Company As of April 9, 1999, MAXXAM owned, directly and indirectly, approximately 63.2% of the issued and outstanding Common Stock of the Company. The following table sets forth, as of April 9, 1999, the beneficial ownership of the common stock and Class A $.05 Non-Cumulative Participating Convertible Preferred Stock ("Preferred Stock") of MAXXAM by the directors of the Company, and by the directors and nominees for director of the Company and the executive officers of the Company and KACC as a group:
Name of Beneficial Owner - ---------------- Title of Class - -------- # of Shares(1) - -------------- % of Class - ----- % of Combined Voting Power(2) - -------- Charles E. Hurwitz Common Stock 2,644,896(3)(4)(5) 37.6 68.9 Preferred Stock 720,941(6)(7) 99.2 Ezra G. Levin Common Stock 2,400(4)(5)(8) * * Robert J. Cruikshank Common Stock 2,400(8) * * All directors, nominees for director and executive officers as a group (23 persons) Common Stock 2,650,611(4)(5)(9) 37.6 68.9 Preferred Stock 720,941(6)(7) 99.2
- ------------ * Less than 1%. (1) Unless otherwise indicated, beneficial owners have sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares listed in the table. Includes the number of shares such persons would have received on April 9, 1999, if any, for their exercisable stock appreciation rights ("SARs") (excluding SARs payable in cash only) exercisable within 60 days of such date if such rights had been paid solely in shares of MAXXAM common stock. (2) MAXXAM Preferred Stock is generally entitled to ten votes per share on matters presented to a vote of MAXXAM's stockholders. (3) Includes 1,669,451 shares of MAXXAM common stock owned by Federated Development Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Federated ("FDI"), as to which Mr. Hurwitz indirectly possesses voting and investment power. Mr. Hurwitz serves as a trustee of Federated, and together with members of his immediate family and trusts for the benefit thereof, owns all of the voting shares of Federated. Also includes (a) 34,845 shares of MAXXAM common stock separately owned by Mr. Hurwitz's spouse and as to which Mr. Hurwitz disclaims beneficial ownership, (b) 46,500 shares of MAXXAM common stock owned by the Hurwitz Investment Partnership L.P., a limited partnership controlled by Mr. Hurwitz and his spouse, 23,250 of which shares were separately owned by Mr. Hurwitz's spouse prior to their transfer to such limited partnership and as to which Mr. Hurwitz disclaims beneficial ownership, (c) 91,926 shares of MAXXAM common stock owned by the 1992 Hurwitz Investment Partnership L.P., of which 45,963 shares are owned by Mr. Hurwitz's spouse as separate property and as to which Mr. Hurwitz disclaims beneficial ownership, (d) 704,645 shares of MAXXAM common stock held directly by Mr. Hurwitz, (e) 60,000 shares of MAXXAM common stock owned by Federated Development Investments, LLC, which is owned 79% by FDI and 21% by Mr. Hurwitz, and of which FDI is the managing member ("FDILLC"), (f) options to purchase 21,029 shares of MAXXAM common stock held by FDI, and (g) options held by Mr. Hurwitz to purchase 16,500 shares of MAXXAM common stock within 60 days of April 9, 1999. (4) FDI, Federated, FDILLC, the Hurwitz Investment Partnership L.P., the 1992 Hurwitz Investment Partnership L.P., Messrs. Hurwitz and Levin, and Mr. James H. Paulin, Jr., may be deemed a "group" (the "Stockholder Group") within the meaning of Section 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). As of April 9, 1999, in the aggregate, the members of the Stockholder Group who are also officers or directors of the Company or KACC beneficially owned 2,647,296 shares of MAXXAM common stock and 721,074 shares of Preferred Stock, aggregating approximately 68.9% of the total voting power of MAXXAM. By reason of the foregoing and their relationship with the members of the Stockholder Group, Messrs. Hurwitz and Levin may be deemed to possess shared voting and investment power with respect to the shares held by the Stockholder Group. (5) Does not include shares owned by other members of the Stockholder Group. (6) Includes 661,377 shares owned by FDI as to which Mr. Hurwitz possesses voting and investment power and 1,064 shares held directly. (7) Includes options exercisable within 60 days of April 9, 1999, to acquire 58,500 shares of Preferred Stock. (8) Includes options exercisable within 60 days of April 9, 1999, to acquire 1,400 shares of MAXXAM common stock. (9) Includes (i) options exercisable within 60 days of April 9, 1999, to acquire 1,400 shares of MAXXAM common stock, and (ii) 665 shares of MAXXAM common stock which would have been received on April 9, 1999 for 4,000 SARs exercisable within 60 days of such date, if such SARs had been paid solely in shares of MAXXAM common stock. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION Summary Compensation Table Although certain plans or programs in which executive officers of the Company participate are jointly sponsored by the Company and KACC, executive officers of the Company are directly employed and compensated by KACC. The following table sets forth compensation information, cash and non-cash, for each of the Company's last three completed fiscal years with respect to the Chief Executive Officer and the four most highly compensated executive officers of the Company (collectively referred to as the "named executive officers") for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1998:
Long-Term Compensation ---------------------- Annual Compensation - ------------------- Awards ------- Payouts ------- (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) Name and Principal Position --------- Year ---- Salary ($) ------ Bonus ($) ----- Other Annual Compensation ($)(1) ----------- Restricted Stock Award(s) ($) - ---------- Options/ SARs (#) -------- LTIP Payouts ($)(2) ------- All Other Compensation ($) - ------------ George T. Haymaker, Jr. Chairman and Chief Executive Officer 1998 563,583 290,000 -0- -0- 669,000 294,328 28,179(3) 1997 494,083 311,000 - -0- -0- -0- 121,122 24,704(3) 1996 487,000 71,638 - -0- -0- -0- -0- 9,740(3) Raymond J. Milchovich President and Chief Operating Officer 1998 419,583 250,000 -0- -0- 635,000 102,211 20,979(3) 1997 272,083 211,000 - -0- -0- -0- 71,212 17,796(3)(4) 1996 223,750 42,700 - -0- -0- -0- -0- 77,158(3)(4) John T. La Duc Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer 1998 320,000 220,000(5) -0- -0- 468,750 124,356 16,000(3) 1997 260,000 184,000(5) - -0- -0- -0- 44,236 13,000(3) 1996 260,000 83,200(5) - -0- -0- -0- -0- 5,200(3) John H. Walker Vice President, and President of Kaiser Flat- Rolled Products 1998 216,250 300,000 20,000(6) -0- -0- 25,877 9,839(3) 1997 192,500 155,715(7) - -0- -0- -0- 1,652 9,943(3)(4) 1996 45,714 83,979(7) - -0- -0- -0- -0- 9,292(4) Geoffrey W. Smith Vice President, and President of Kaiser Alumina 1998 255,000 155,325 -0- -0- -0- 139,300 85,083(3)(4) 1997 255,000 116,635 - -0- -0- -0- 68,250 55,743(3)(4) 1996 246,250 38,000 - -0- -0- -0- -0- 33,550(3)(4)
- ------------ (1) Excludes perquisites and other personal benefits because the aggregate amount of such compensation does not exceed the lesser of $50,000 or 10% of the total of annual salary and bonus reported. Tax preparation fees for each of the named executive officers, other than Mr. Walker, and the value of the personal use of company cars with respect to each named executive officer exceed 25% of the total perquisites and other personal benefits received by each such named executive officer. (2) The long-term component of the Company's incentive compensation program in effect for the periods covered above provides incentive compensation based on performance against goals over rolling three-year periods. Payments are generally made 57% in shares of the Company's Common Stock and 43% in cash and are paid in two equal installments; the first during the year following the end of the three-year period and the second during the following year. The amounts indicated reflect the value of the actual payment received under the program during the year indicated with the stock portion of each amount being based on the market value on the date of distribution. No payments were made under the program in 1996. Total awards for the 1994-1996, 1995-1997 and 1996-1998 periods were $230,000, $362,100 and $250,000 for Mr. Haymaker; $40,280, $161,500 and $150,000 for Mr. Milchovich; $84,000, $164,900 and $120,000 for Mr. La Duc; $1,456, $21,900 and $27,500 for Mr. Walker; and $129,600, $152,700 and $128,395 for Mr. Smith, respectively. Additional information with respect to the long-term component of the Company's incentive compensation program is set forth below in the Long- Term Incentive Plan Awards Table and in the Report of the Compensation Committees on Executive Compensation. (3) Includes accruals by KACC of $28,179, $24,704 and $9,740 for Mr. Haymaker; $20,979, $13,604 and $4,475 for Mr. Milchovich; $16,000, $13,000 and $5,200 for Mr. La Duc; $9,839, $800 and $0 for Mr. Walker; and $12,750, $12,750 and $4,925 for Mr. Smith under the Kaiser Savings Plan and Kaiser Supplemental Benefits Plan (each as defined below) for 1998, 1997 and 1996, respectively. (4) Includes moving-related items of $4,192 and $72,683 for Mr. Milchovich for 1997 and 1996; $9,143 and $9,292 for Mr. Walker for 1997 and 1996; and $72,333, $42,993 and $28,625 for Mr. Smith for 1998, 1997 and 1996. (5) Includes $50,000 (to be paid over a two-year period) for each of 1998, 1997 and 1996, respectively, which will be reimbursed by MAXXAM. (6) Additional compensation pursuant to program established to compensate salaried employees at pre-determined hourly rates for additional services performed in connection with the strike by the United Steelworkers of America. (7) Includes payments of $50,000 and $75,000 made in 1997 and 1996, respectively, in connection with Mr. Walker's signing bonus. Option Grants The following table sets forth certain information concerning stock options granted in fiscal year 1998 to each of the Company's named executive officers who were granted stock options during that period:
Individual Grants (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Name ---- # of Securities Underlying Options Grants ---------- % of Total Options Granted to Employees in 1998 - ------------ Exercise or Base Price ($/Share) ----------- Expiration Date ----------- Grant Date Present Value ($) - ------------- George T. Haymaker, Jr. 386,000 17.1 12.0000 01/01/07 1,604,404(1) 283,000 12.5 9.3594 12/31/02 999,076(2) Raymond J. Milchovich 635,000 28.2 9.4063 07/02/03 3,150,000(3) John T. La Duc 468,750 20.8 9.3125 07/10/03 2,325,000(3)
- ------------ (1) Valuation utilizing modified Black-Scholes Option Price Model with the following assumptions: 3-year monthly volatility for Common Stock, 5.84% risk-free rate (based on U.S. Treasury strip rate on the date of grant with a term equal to that of the option), no dividend yield and 9-year exercise date. No adjustments were made for non-transferability or risk of forfeiture. Additional information with respect to the terms of this grant are set forth below under the caption "Employment Contracts and Termination of Employment and Change-in-Control Arrangements". (2) Valuation utilizing modified Black-Scholes Option Price Model with the following assumptions: 3-year monthly volatility for Common Stock, 5.66% risk-free rate (based on U.S. Treasury strip rate on the date of grant with a term equal to that of the option), no dividend yield and 5-year exercise date. No adjustments were made for non-transferability or risk of forfeiture. One-third of these stock options vested on December 31, 1998. An additional one-third vests on each December 31, thereafter until fully vested. (3) Valuation utilizing Black-Scholes Option Price Model with the following assumptions: 3-year monthly volatility for Common Stock, 5.8% risk-free rate (based on estimated 5-year T-Bond rate as of the grant date), no dividend yield and 5-year exercise date. No adjustments were made for non-transferability or risk of forfeiture. One-fifth of these stock options vested on December 31, 1998. An additional one-fifth vests on each December 31, thereafter until fully vested. The stock options set forth in the above table were granted under the 1997 Omnibus Plan. Each of the foregoing options is exercisable for cash, Common Stock or a combination thereof. Additional information with respect to the terms of each grant are set forth below under the caption "Employment Contracts and Termination of Employment and Change-in-Control Arrangements". Option/SAR Exercises and Fiscal Year End Value Table The table below provides information on an aggregated basis concerning each exercise of stock options and SARs during the fiscal year ended December 31, 1998, by each of the Company's named executive officers, and the 1998 fiscal year- end value of unexercised options and SARs.
(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Number of Unexercised Options/SARs at Year End (#) --------------- Value of Unexercised in-the-Money Options/SARs at Fiscal Year-End ($) ---------------------- Name ---- Shares Acquired on Exercise (#) (1) -------- Value Realized ($) - -------- Exercisable - ----------- Unexercisable ------------- Exercisable - ------------ Unexercisable ------------- George T. Haymaker, Jr. - -0- - -0- 181,033 574,667 - -(2) - -(2) Raymond J. Milchovich - -0- - -0- 134,200 508,000 - -(2) - -(2) John T. La Duc - -0- - -0- 102,950 375,000 - -(2) - -(2) - -0- 134,250 4,000(3) - -0- 117,500(3) - - John H. Walker - -0- - -0- - -0- - -0- - - - - Geoffrey W. Smith - -0- - -0- 20,240 - -0- - -(2) - -(2)
- ------------- (1) If no shares received, the number reflected, if any, represents the number of securities with respect to which options/SARs were exercised. (2) Valued at $4.875, the closing price of the Company's Common Stock on December 31, 1998, less exercise price. No value is shown because the exercise price is higher than the closing price. (3) Represents SARs relating to MAXXAM common stock. Valued at $57.375 per share, the closing price of MAXXAM common stock on December 31, 1998, less exercise price. The SARs relating to MAXXAM common stock set forth in the above table for Mr. La Duc were granted under MAXXAM's 1984 Phantom Share Plan (the "MAXXAM Phantom Plan"). All of Mr. La Duc's SARs under the MAXXAM Phantom Plan are exercisable for cash only. Long-Term Incentive Plan Awards Table Each of the Company's named executive officers received awards in 1998 under the long-term component of the Company's incentive compensation program for the 1994-1996 and 1995- 1997 three-year, long-term performance periods. The following table and accompanying footnotes describe the awards received by each of the Company's named executive officers in 1998.
Estimated Future Payouts under Non-Stock Price Based Plans(4) --------------------------- (a) Name ----- (b) Number of Shares ---------- (c) Performance or Other Periods Until Maturation or Pay out ------------ (d) Threshold --------- (e) Target ------- (f) Maximum -------- George T. Haymaker, Jr. 5,762(1) 10,887(2) - -(3) - - - - - - Raymond J. Milchovich 1,009(1) 4,855(2) - -(3) - - - - - - John T. La Duc 2,104(1) 4,957(2) - -(3) - - - - - - John H. Walker - - 0-(1) 657(2) - -(3) - - - - - - Geoffrey N. Smith 3,247(1) 4,589(2) - -(3) - - - - - -
- ------------ (1) Represents the stock portion of the second installment of long-term incentive award distributed in March 1998 in connection with the 1994-1996 three-year, long-term performance period. The average closing price of the Company's Common Stock during December 1996 was $11.375 per share. The total awards for the 1994-1996 long- term performance period for Messrs. Haymaker, Milchovich, La Duc, Walker and Smith were $230,000, $90,480, $84,000, $1,456 and $129,600, respectively. (2) Represents the stock portion of the first installment of long-term incentive award distributed in March 1998 in connection with the 1995-1997 three-year, long-term performance period. The average closing price of the Company's Common Stock during December 1997 was $9.48 per share. The total awards for the 1995-1997 long- term performance period for Messrs. Haymaker, Milchovich, La Duc, Walker and Smith were $362,100, $161,500, $164,900, $21,900 and $152,700, respectively. (3) As more fully described below, payment of the second installment for the 1995-1997 long-term performance period was conditioned on continued employment through December 31, 1998. Each of the Company's named executive officers were employed by KACC on January 1, 1999, and the second installment was distributed in April 1999. (4) All payments in connection with the 1994-1996 and 1995- 1997 three-year, long-term performance periods have been made. As more fully described below, the total award for the 1996-1998 three-year, long-term performance period has been determined. The first installment was distributed in April 1999 and the second installment will, subject to certain conditions, be distributed in 2000. Threshold, target and maximum dollar amounts for the long-term portion of executive compensation are based upon Company performance. Minimum performance criteria must be met before the threshold amount is earned. Payments under the long-term portion of the program are generally made 57% in shares of the Company's Common Stock and 43% in cash. The aggregate number of shares distributed is based on the average closing price of the Company's Common Stock during the last December of the performance period. Awards are paid in two equal installments: the first during the year following the end of the three-year period and the second during the following year. Payment of the second installment is generally conditioned on continued employment through the end of the fiscal year following the end of the performance period. If a participant voluntarily terminates his or her employment for any reason other than death, disability or retirement prior to the beginning of the fiscal year the payment is to be made, any unmade payments are forfeited. During the 1994-1996 and 1995-1997 performance periods target incentives were based on the return on assets employed in the business. When incentive awards are determined at the end of each performance period, up to an additional 30% of each individuals incentive target based on the achievement of goals or other accomplishments not reflected in the return on assets, may be added to the incentive payment amount. Although the Section 162(m) Committee cannot increase the incentive payment, it may decrease the payment by up to 60% of the target incentive. Additional information with respect to long-term incentive compensation awarded to the Company's named executive officers, including information with respect to the 1996-1998 performance period, is set forth above in the Summary Compensation Table and below in the Report of the Compensation Committees on Executive Compensation. Defined Benefit Plans Kaiser Retirement Plan KACC maintains a qualified, defined-benefit retirement plan (the "Kaiser Retirement Plan") for salaried employees of KACC and co-sponsoring subsidiaries who meet certain eligibility requirements. The table below shows estimated annual retirement benefits payable under the terms of the Kaiser Retirement Plan to participants with the indicated years of credited service. These benefits are reflected without reduction for the limitations imposed by the Code on qualified plans and before adjustment for the Social Security offset, thereby reflecting aggregate benefits to be received, subject to Social Security offsets, under the Kaiser Retirement Plan and the Kaiser Supplemental Benefits Plan (as defined below).
Average Annual Remuneration ------------ Years of Service ---------------- 15 -- 20 -- 25 -- 30 -- 35 -- $ 250,000 56,250 75,000 93,750 112,500 131,250 350,000 78,750 105,000 131,250 157,500 183,750 450,000 101,250 135,000 168,750 202,500 236,250 550,000 123,750 165,000 206,250 247,500 288,750 650,000 146,250 195,000 243,750 292,500 341,250 750,000 168,750 225,000 281,250 337,500 393,750 850,000 191,250 255,000 318,750 382,500 446,250 950,000 213,750 285,000 356,250 427,500 498,750 1,050,000 236,250 315,000 393,750 472,500 551,250
The estimated annual retirement benefits shown are based upon the assumptions that current Kaiser Retirement Plan and Kaiser Supplemental Benefits Plan provisions remain in effect, that the participant retires at age 65, and that the retiree receives payments based on a straight-life annuity for his lifetime. Messrs. Haymaker, Milchovich, La Duc, Walker and Smith had 5.7, 18.6, 29.3, 2.25 and 24.5 years of credited service, respectively, on December 31, 1998. Monthly retirement benefits, except for certain minimum benefits, are determined by multiplying years of credited service (not in excess of 40) by the difference between 1.50% of average monthly compensation for the highest base period (of 36, 48 or 60 consecutive months, depending upon compensation level) in the last 10 years of employment and 1.25% of monthly primary Social Security benefits. Pension compensation covered by the Kaiser Retirement Plan and the Kaiser Supplemental Benefits Plan consists of salary and bonus amounts set forth in the Summary Compensation Table (column (c) plus column (d) thereof). As more fully described below under the caption "Employment Contracts and Termination of Employment and Change-in-Control Arrangements", Messrs. Haymaker and Smith have agreements which provide additional years of credited service. Participants are entitled to retire and receive pension benefits, unreduced for age, upon reaching age 62 or after 30 years of credited service. Full early pension benefits (without adjustment for Social Security offset prior to age 62) are payable to participants who are at least 55 years of age and have completed 10 or more years of pension service (or whose age and years of pension service total 70) and who have been terminated by KACC or an affiliate for reasons of job elimination or partial disability. Participants electing to retire prior to age 62 who are at least 55 years of age and who have completed 10 or more years of pension service (or whose age and years of pension service total at least 70) may receive pension benefits, unreduced for age, payable at age 62 or reduced benefits payable earlier. Participants who terminate their employment after five years or more of pension service, or after age 55 but prior to age 62, are entitled to pension benefits, unreduced for age, commencing at age 62 or, if they have completed 10 or more years of pension service, actuarially reduced benefits payable earlier. For participants with five or more years of pension service or who have reached age 55 and who die, the Kaiser Retirement Plan provides a pension to their eligible surviving spouses. Upon retirement, participants may elect among several payment alternatives including, for most types of retirement, a lump-sum payment. Kaiser Supplemental Benefits Plan KACC maintains an unfunded, non-qualified Supplemental Benefits Plan (the "Kaiser Supplemental Benefits Plan"), the purpose of which is to restore benefits which would otherwise be paid from the Kaiser Retirement Plan or the Supplemental Savings and Retirement Plan, a qualified Section 401(k) plan (the "Kaiser Savings Plan"), were it not for the Section 401(a)(17) and Section 415 limitations imposed by the Code. Participation in the Kaiser Supplemental Benefits Plan includes all employees of KACC and its subsidiaries whose benefits under the Kaiser Retirement Plan and Kaiser Savings Plan are likely to be affected by such limitations imposed by the Code. Eligible participants are entitled to receive the equivalent of the Kaiser Retirement Plan and Kaiser Savings Plan benefits which they may be prevented from receiving under those plans because of such Code limitations. Kaiser Termination Payment Policy Most full-time salaried employees of KACC are eligible for benefits under an unfunded termination policy if their employment is involuntarily terminated, subject to a number of exclusions. The policy provides for lump-sum payments after termination ranging from one-half month's salary for less than one year of service graduating to eight months' salary for 30 or more years of service. The amounts payable to Messrs. Haymaker, Milchovich, La Duc, Walker and Smith under the policy if they had been involuntarily terminated on December 31, 1998 would have been $94,833, $197,917, $204,167, $18,750 and $170,000, respectively. Employment Contracts and Termination of Employment and Change- in-Control Arrangements George T. Haymaker, Jr. On April 1, 1993, the Company and KACC entered into a five-year employment agreement with Mr. Haymaker, pursuant to which he currently serves as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Company and KACC. Mr. Haymaker's employment agreement, as amended, terminates December 5, 1999, and provides for an annual base salary of not less than $569,000, and a cumulative bonus target in 1999 of $1,245,000 under the Company's executive compensation programs as more fully described below in the Report of the Compensation Committees on Executive Compensation. Of this amount, $395,000 is attributable to Mr. Haymaker's short-term incentive target and $850,000 is attributable to his long-term incentive target for the three-year period ending December 31, 1999. Pursuant to his employment agreement, Mr. Haymaker received an initial award under the Kaiser 1993 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan (the "1993 Omnibus Plan") of options to purchase up to 100,000 shares of the Company's Common Stock at its fair market value on the date of the award. Such options vested at the rate of 20% per year and are now fully vested. In the event of a change of control of the Company or KACC which within one year thereafter adversely affects Mr. Haymaker's title, position, duties, responsibilities or compensation, Mr. Haymaker's employment agreement provides that he may elect to be deemed terminated without cause, and therefore, entitled to a severance payment in an amount equal to two times his base annual salary reduced by any payment made as discussed under "Kaiser Termination Payment Policy" above. Under the terms of his employment agreement, Mr. Haymaker vested 20% per year in an unfunded non-qualified supplemental benefit, payable at retirement after age 62, equal to a benefit determined as if his Kaiser Retirement Plan pension were based on his aggregate service with KACC and a prior employer (25 years), less his pension from that prior employer and any retirement benefits from KACC. Mr. Haymaker is now fully vested under this provision. In 1998, Mr. Haymaker also received two stock option grants. The first grant, made under the 1997 Omnibus Plan, consisted of options to purchase 386,000 shares of the Company's Common Stock at an exercise price of $12.00 per share, subject to adjustment under certain circumstances. The options covered by this grant become effective (i) if prior to January 1, 2001, the value of the Company's Common Stock equals or exceeds $18 per share (less certain distributions) as determined under the terms of the grant (the "Performance Hurdle"), (ii) if the Performance Hurdle is not achieved, then on January 1, 2007, provided that Mr. Haymaker's employment has not terminated as of such date, or (iii) if a significant transaction such as the sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company or KACC or a change of control arising from a fundamental corporate transaction occurs prior to December 31, 2000, then on the date the transaction is consummated. Notwithstanding the foregoing, upon becoming effective, not more than one-half of the options covered by this grant may be exercised prior to the earlier of March 1, 2001 or the occurrence of a fundamental corporate transaction. In the event of Mr. Haymaker's termination of employment by KACC (other than for cause) prior to March 1, 2001, all of the stock options covered by this grant become exercisable in full subject to the terms of the grant and provided that they have otherwise become effective. The second grant, also under the 1997 Omnibus Plan, consisted of options to purchase 283,000 shares of the Company's Common Stock at an exercise price of $9.3594 per share, subject to adjustment under certain circumstances. The options covered by the second grant generally vest at the rate of one-third per year, beginning on December 31, 1998, with an additional one-third vesting each December 31, thereafter until fully vested. In the event of Mr. Haymaker's termination of employment by KACC (other than for cause), all of the unvested stock options covered by this grant immediately vest and become exercisable in full. Raymond J. Milchovich Mr. Milchovich and KACC entered into a five-year employment agreement effective January 1, 1998. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, Mr. Milchovich is currently entitled to a base salary of $475,000 per year. This amount is reviewed annually by the Policy Committee to evaluate Mr. Milchovich's performance, and in any event adjusted for inflation consistent with the general program of increases for other executives and management employees. Mr. Milchovich's agreement also establishes an annual target bonus of $270,000 (subject to adjustment for inflation) payable upon KACC achieving short-term objectives under the executive bonus plan which are to be agreed upon annually and otherwise consistent with KACC's business plan. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, Mr. Milchovich received a grant under the 1997 Omnibus Plan of options to purchase 635,000 shares of the Company's Common Stock at an exercise price of $9.4063 per share. This grant was intended to have a value at the date of grant equivalent to a value of five times Mr. Milchovich's annual long-term incentive target of $630,000 and to be in lieu of any payment of long-term incentive compensation under KACC's executive bonus plan for the five-year period beginning January 1, 1998, although Mr. Milchovich remains eligible for additional option grants. The options granted pursuant to the terms of Mr. Milchovich's agreement generally vest at the rate of 20% per year, beginning on December 31, 1998, with an additional 20% vesting each December 31, thereafter until fully vested. Mr. Milchovich's agreement provides that upon the termination of his employment (other than for cause, by reason of his acceptance of an offer of employment with an affiliate or because of voluntary termination for other than good reason), Mr. Milchovich is entitled to a lump sum payment equal to the sum of (i) the benefit he would have received under the Kaiser Retirement Plan and Kaiser Supplemental Benefits Plan as if he had qualified for a fully early pension less benefits payable from such plans, (ii) an amount equal to his base salary as of the date of termination for a period equal to the greater of (a) the number of months remaining in the term of his agreement or (b) two years, and (iii) his annual target bonus for the year of termination (but not less than the initial target established by the agreement). In addition, in the event of Mr. Milchovich's termination under the circumstances described above, all of the unvested stock options held by Mr. Milchovich on the date of termination that would have vested during the term of his agreement immediately vest and become exercisable in full. In the event of a change of control, the benefits described above are also payable upon either the subsequent termination of Mr. Milchovich's employment by KACC other than for cause or the subsequent termination of employment by Mr. Milchovich for any reason within twelve months following a change of control. John T. La Duc Mr. La Duc and KACC entered into a five-year employment agreement effective January 1, 1998. The terms of Mr. La Duc's employment agreement are substantially similar to the terms of Mr. Milchovich's agreement as described above, the primary differences being that under the terms of his agreement, Mr. La Duc (i) is currently entitled to a base salary of $350,000 per year, (ii) has an annual target bonus of $200,000, and (iii) received a grant under the 1997 Omnibus Plan of options to purchase 468,750 shares of the Company's Common Stock at an exercise price of $9.3125 per share, which amount was based on Mr. La Duc's annual long-term incentive target of $465,000. John H. Walker Mr. Walker and KACC entered into a letter agreement dated July 27, 1998, pursuant to which Mr. Walker is entitled to the severance benefits described below under the caption "Kaiser Severance Protection and Change of Control Benefits Program". Pursuant to the terms of the letter agreement Mr. Walker is entitled to the maximum level of severance benefits available under the Program (as defined below). Geoffrey W. Smith KACC has agreed to provide Mr. Smith with an unfunded nonqualified supplemental benefit after retirement equal to the additional Kaiser Retirement Plan pension he would be entitled to receive if his prior employment (6.3) years with an affiliate of KACC were counted as credited service under such plan. This additional credited service is also counted in determining his benefits as described above under the caption "Kaiser Termination Payment Policy" and for purposes of determining his employee contributions under KACC's retiree medical program. Kaiser Severance Protection and Change of Control Benefits Program In 1998, the Company and KACC implemented the Kaiser Severance Protection and Change of Control Benefits Program (the "Program") in order to provide certain selected executive officers of the Company and KACC and key employees of KACC (collectively, "Participants") with (i) incentives intended to increase the likelihood of retaining the services of the Participants and/or (ii) appropriate protection in the event of a job loss or change of control. The Program will generally remain in effect through December 31, 2000. The three components of the Program, each of which is described more fully below, consist of (i) severance payments and benefits in the event of termination, (ii) retention payments conditioned upon continued employment through specified dates, and (iii) options relating to the Company's Common Stock. Under the Program, the Company and KACC have the sole discretion to determine which persons will participate in the Program and the level of participation. Not all components of the Program were made available to all Participants. Selected Participants are eligible for severance benefits under the Program upon termination of employment for any reason other than (i) the voluntary resignation or retirement of the Participant, (ii) the discharge of the Participant for serious cause or other reason prejudicial to the Company or KACC, (iii) the Participant becoming eligible for sick leave, long-term disability or full early disability benefits under the Kaiser Retirement Plan, (iv) the Participant's refusal to accept another suitable position with the Company or KACC, or (v) the Participant's death. The benefits payable generally consist of a lump sum cash payment ranging from six months to one year of base salary (including, in some instances, prorated incentive awards based upon designated incentive targets) less whatever severance benefits the Participant would otherwise be eligible to receive under the Kaiser Termination Payment Policy. Participants may also be entitled under the Program to continued medical, dental, life and accidental death and disability coverage for designated periods after termination. In lieu of the severance benefits described above, selected Participants are also eligible for severance benefits in the event the Participant's employment terminates or constructively terminates due to a change of control or significant restructuring (collectively, a "Fundamental Change") during a period which commences ninety (90) days prior to a Fundamental Change and ends on the first anniversary of the Fundamental Change. These benefits are not available if (i) the purchaser, new controlling entity, the Company or KACC offer the Participant suitable employment in a substantially similar capacity at the Participant's current level of compensation (regardless of whether the Participant accepts or rejects the suitable position), (ii) the Participant voluntarily resigns or is terminated, (iii) the Participant is discharged for serious cause or other reason prejudicial to the Company or KACC, (iv) the Participant becomes eligible within ninety (90) days prior to the Fundamental Change for sick leave, long-term disability or full early disability benefits under the Kaiser Retirement Plan, or (v) the Participant dies. If a Participant fails to qualify for severance benefits under the Program as a result of a termination of the Participant's employment due to a Fundamental Change, the Participant will also fail to qualify for the severance benefits described above in the preceding paragraph. The benefits payable under the Program as a result of a termination of employment due to a Fundamental Change generally consist of a lump sum cash payment in an amount ranging from nine months to two years of base salary (including, in some instances, prorated incentive awards based upon designated incentive targets) less whatever severance benefits the Participant would otherwise be eligible to receive under the Kaiser Termination Payment Policy. Participants may also be entitled under the Program to continued medical, dental, life and accidental death and disability coverage for designated periods after termination due to a Fundamental Change. Under the Program, selected Participants are also eligible to receive retention payments conditioned upon continued employment as of a designated date. In each instance, the retention payment is also generally payable in the event a Participant's employment is terminated prior to the designated date unless the termination is for any of the reasons described above which preclude severance payments under the Program. Retention payments under the Program generally consist of a lump sum cash payment and are generally based upon six months of salary (including, in some instances, prorated incentive awards based upon designated incentive targets). Selected Participants are also eligible under the Program to receive options to purchase shares of the Company's Common Stock. The number of shares of Common Stock subject to such options and the specific terms of such options vary depending upon the level of responsibility and seniority of the Participant. Notwithstanding the foregoing, such options generally (i) replace the long-term incentive compensation otherwise applicable to the Participant receiving the options for designated long-term incentive periods beginning on or after January 1, 1998, (ii) expire five years after the date of grant, (iii) are based upon the market price of the Common Stock on the date of grant, (iv) vest over a period of three or five years, and (v) terminate upon the termination of employment for cause. Except as otherwise noted above, there are no employment contracts between the Company or any of its subsidiaries and any of the Company's named executive officers. Similarly, except as otherwise noted above, there are not any compensatory plans or arrangements which include payments from the Company or any of its subsidiaries to any of the Company's named executive officers in the event of any such officer's resignation, retirement or any other termination of employment with the Company and its subsidiaries or from a change in control of the Company or a change in the named executive officer's responsibilities following a change in control. REPORT OF THE COMPENSATION COMMITTEES ON EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION Two compensation committees administer the Company's compensation plans, the Policy Committee and the Section 162(m) Committee. The Policy Committee administers and establishes the Company's overall compensation policies, except to the extent that this authority has been delegated by the Board to the Section 162(m) Committee. The Section 162(m) Committee administers and approves amendments to the Company's plans or programs which are intended to comply with the provisions of Section 162(m), and also establishes the criteria to be used in determining awards to be made pursuant to those plans or programs. Each committee reports to the full Board and together they have furnished the following report on executive compensation for fiscal year 1998. Although certain plans or programs in which executive officers of the Company participate are jointly sponsored by the Company and KACC, executive officers of the Company are directly employed and compensated by KACC. During 1998, the members serving on the Policy Committee and Section 162(m) Committee also served on KACC's Compensation Policy Committee and Section 162(m) Compensation Committee, respectively (these committees are hereinafter collectively referred to in this report as the "Committees"). References to the "Company" made in the remainder of this report are deemed to include KACC as well as the Company. Compensation Philosophy, Structure and Methodology Philosophy. The Company's philosophy continues to be that compensation of its executives officers should be related as closely as possible to the ability of the Company as a whole, and the area of direct responsibility of each executive, to create economic value. To attract and retain talented individuals, the Company provides the opportunity to earn total compensation that is not only competitive with, but, if Company goals are met, potentially superior to, that available from employers with whom the Company and its businesses compete. Structure. Executive compensation for 1998 consisted of a combination of base salary, short-term incentives based on performance during 1998, long-term incentives based on performance over the 1996-1998 three-year performance period, employee benefits and executive perquisites. Base salaries, together with short and long-term incentive targets, were designed to fall near the 50th percentile (mid-point) of the market. As a result, the combination of base pay and incentive compensation allowed executive officers to potentially earn less, the same as or more than the total compensation opportunity offered by competing employers depending on Company performance. For 1998, the portion of executive compensation allocated to base compensation ranged from approximately 30% to 49% for certain senior executive officers, including the named executive officers, and 43% to 70% for the remaining executive officers, with the portion allocated to incentive compensation in each case generally increasing with position responsibility. For certain senior executives, including Messrs. Haymaker, Milchovich, La Duc and Smith, the incentive targets for 1998 were allocated 30% to short-term targets and 70% to long-term targets. For the remaining executive officers the allocation was generally split evenly between short and long-term targets. This structure reflected the Company's compensation philosophy by structuring a major portion of each executive's total compensation to be at-risk and performance-based. The Company's compensation for executive officers also included other benefits and perquisites which generally fell within the 50th percentile of its comparative market. Methodology. Target compensation and incentives were based on a combination of market survey data, internal force- ranking and assessment of position responsibilities. Major national surveys, as well as market data from a group of companies engaged in metals, mining, chemicals and similar industries, with whom the Company is likely to compete for managerial talent, were used to establish the market. In performing its assessment of position responsibilities, descriptions of various key positions, the duties and major responsibilities of each position, as well as the required qualifications, were developed and then matched to database descriptions to ensure an accurate match to reasonably comparable positions at comparative companies. Company performance awards and goals were established at the beginning of 1998 with respect to the annual performance period and at the beginning of 1996 with respect to the 1996- 1998 three-year, long-term performance period. Long-term performance awards were structured to reward aggressive and accurate planning during the period, while short-term performance awards and goals emphasized (i) return on net assets employed by the Company and, for business unit presidents, including Messrs. Walker and Smith, business unit earnings before interest and taxes ("EBIT"), and (ii) safety or group and individual goals and objectives. Minimum or threshold performance levels, which must be met for there to be any incentive payout, as well as target performance levels and target and maximum incentive payouts were also established for the short and long-term performance periods. With respect to the short-term performance period, performance goals for executive officers other than business unit presidents were generally based on "normalized" metal prices to allow for measurement of the progress toward the $120 million profit improvement program without fluctuations due to changing metal prices and to adjust the effect of certain other factors beyond the reasonable control of the Company's management. In addition, incentive compensation payable to certain senior executives, including Messrs. Haymaker, Milchovich, La Duc and Smith, for the 1998 short-term performance period was capped at their respective targets if the average price of the Company's Common Stock during December 1998 was lower than the average price during December 1997. Components of Executive Officer Compensation for 1998 Base Salaries. Adjustments to the base salary of certain executive officers were made during 1998 as necessary to (i) reflect market related adjustments and increasing responsibilities assumed either as the result of promotions or additional assignments during the year and (ii) increase the likelihood of retaining such executive officers as the Company pursues its strategy for creating stockholder value. Short-Term Incentive. As described above, short-term incentive awards for 1998, as well as threshold performance requirements, were generally based on the "normalized" return on net assets for executive officers other than business unit presidents whose awards and thresholds were based on business unit EBIT. During 1998 Company and business unit results exceeded threshold performance goals. However, Company results generally fell below target performance levels, while certain business unit results exceeded target performance levels. As a result, short-term awards paid to the corporate executive officers, including Messrs. Haymaker, Milchovich and La Duc, were approximately 83% of the target amounts, while short-term awards paid to business unit presidents, including Messrs. Smith and Walker, ranged from 79% of target amounts to the maximum payout of three times the target amounts. Short- term awards for 1998 were paid in cash shortly after the first quarter of 1999. The short-term awards earned by the named executive officers are set forth above in column (c) of the Summary Compensation Table. Long-Term Incentive. Long-term incentive compensation for the 1996-1998 long-term performance period was based on the average return on net assets during each of the three years included within the performance period. During the 1996-1998 long-term performance period Company and business unit results generally exceeded threshold performance goals, but generally did not reach target performance levels. As a result, long-term awards for the 1996-1998 performance period for the named executive officers were on average approximately 36% of the target amounts. Additional information with respect to the long-term component of executive compensation is set forth above in the Summary Compensation Table and Long-Term Incentive Plan Awards Table. 1993 and 1997 Omnibus Plans All long-term performance awards distributed in connection with long-term performance periods beginning before January 1, 1997 are made under the 1993 Omnibus Plan. All long-term performance awards distributed in connection with long-term performance periods beginning on or after January 1, 1997, will be made under the 1997 Omnibus Plan. In addition, the 1997 Omnibus Plan may be utilized as otherwise necessary to provide those persons who have substantial responsibility for management and growth of the Company with an opportunity to increase their ownership of Common Stock, stock options or related types of benefits. During 1998, no grants were made under the 1993 Omnibus Plan, except in connection with the distribution of the second installment of shares of Common Stock awarded for the 1994- 1996 long-term incentive compensation performance period and the first installment of shares of Common Stock awarded for the 1995-1997 long-term incentive compensation performance period. In addition, as more fully described above under the caption "Employment Contracts and Termination and Change-in- Control Arrangements" the Company implemented the Kaiser Severance Protection and Change of Control Program (the "Program"), in order to provide Participants with (i) incentives intended to increase the likelihood of retaining the services of the Participants, (ii) appropriate protection in the event of a job loss or change of control and (iii) a long-term incentive program for periods beginning on or after January 1, 1998 and extending for three to five years. In furtherance of these objectives as well to further increase the alignment of the interests of the Participants and stockholders of the Company, certain Participants received options under the 1997 Omnibus Program to purchase shares of the Common Stock. The Section 162(m) Committee approved the grant of options to Messrs. Haymaker, Milchovich and La Duc under the 1997 Omnibus Plan for the same reasons. In total, options to purchase 2,090,714 shares of Common Stock were granted to executive officers of the Company under the 1997 Omnibus Plan during 1998. Employment Agreements From time to time and for various reasons, management and the Board has deemed it appropriate to enter into specific employment agreements with certain executive officers. Such agreements may relate, for example, to the further retention of the officer or a commitment by the officer to relocate to another location. Where such agreements are made, they are negotiated by the Company's General Counsel, or his designee under the supervision of the Policy Committee and reviewed and approved by the Board or the Policy Committee and, if appropriate, the Section 162(m) Committee. In making its compensation decisions, and in supervising the negotiations and approving such employment agreements, the Policy Committee is mindful of the Company's overall corporate objectives and the compensation objectives described above as well as the circumstances making the employment agreement an appropriate compensation mechanism. Such employment agreements generally range in term from one to five years. During 1998, Mr. Haymaker continued to be employed under the employment agreement discussed above under the caption "Employment Contracts and Termination of Employment and Change-in-Control Arrangements". In addition, as discussed above under the same caption, during 1998 the Company entered into employment agreements with Messrs. Milchovich and La Duc and implemented the Program. Compensation of the CEO for the Last Completed Fiscal Year Mr. Haymaker served as the Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of the Company for all of 1998. Mr. Haymaker is employed pursuant to a written employment agreement which is described above under the caption "Employment Contracts and Termination of Employment and Change-in-Control Arrangements". Mr. Haymaker's employment agreement provides that his annual base salary will be reviewed and possibly changed on an annual basis. Effective February 1, 1998, Mr. Haymaker's base salary was increased from $504,000 to $569,000 to complete a two-step increase intended to bring Mr. Haymaker's salary more in line with market data obtained by the Company and the Company's overall compensation structure for its executive officers. Mr. Haymaker's employment agreement also contains target incentives which are consistent with the goals and objectives of the Company's incentive compensation programs as described above. As previously noted, during 1998, Mr. Haymaker received options under the 1997 Omnibus Plan as part of his long-term incentives. During 1998 the Company's performance fell below 1998 performance goals. As a result, the short-term incentive award earned by Mr. Haymaker in 1998 was limited to $290,000, or approximately 74.8% of his targeted amount of $387,900. Similarly, the Company's performance during the 1996-1998 long-term incentive compensation performance period fell below performance goals. As a result, the long-term award earned by Mr. Haymaker for the 1996-1998 three-year long-term performance period was $250,000, or approximately 30.5% of his targeted amount of $818,500. Compensation by MAXXAM Mr. La Duc received a portion of his compensation during 1998 from MAXXAM, the Company's parent corporation. Where an executive officer of both the Company and MAXXAM is compensated by the Company, or where an executive officer of both the Company and MAXXAM is compensated by MAXXAM, the respective corporations make intercompany allocations of the costs of employment of the executive officer based on the allocation of that executive officer's time as expended among the Company, MAXXAM or their respective subsidiaries. Such allocations are described under "Certain Transactions" below. Compliance with Section 162(m) Section 162(m) generally disallows a tax deduction to public companies for compensation over $1 million paid to the CEO and four other most highly compensated executive officers of public companies. Qualifying performance-based compensation will not be subject to the deduction limit if certain requirements are met. Compensation earned by or awarded to certain senior executives whose compensation is potentially subject to the limitations imposed by Section 162(m) of the Code is covered by a separate program intended to comply with the provisions of Section 162(m) of the Code (the "Senior Executive Program"). The Senior Executive Program, the 1993 Omnibus Plan and the 1997 Omnibus Plan, each of which has been approved by the stockholders of the Company, are performance based and designed to enable compliance with Section 162(m) and the regulations thereunder. In addition, the Senior Executive Program and awards under the 1993 and 1997 Omnibus Plans that are intended to comply with Section 162(m) are administered by the Section 162(m) Committee. Messrs. Marcus (Chairman) and Cruikshank currently serve as members of the Section 162(m) Committee and for purposes of Section 162(m) are qualifying directors. The senior executives covered by the Senior Executive Program are the only executive officers of the Company to which the limitation imposed by Section 162(m) of the Code is likely to apply and the Section 162(m) Committee believes that awards to these senior executives should be tax deductible under Section 162(m). Section 162(m) Compensation Compensation Policy Committee Committee of the of the Board of Directors Board of Directors Robert J. Cruikshank Robert J. Cruikshank Robert Marcus, Chairman Ezra G. Levin, Chairman Robert Marcus Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation No member of the Policy Committee or the Section 162(m) Committee was, during the 1998 fiscal year, an officer or employee of the Company or any of its subsidiaries, or was formerly an officer of the Company or any of its subsidiaries or, other than Mr. Levin, had any relationships requiring disclosure by the Company under Item 404 of Regulation S-K. Mr. Levin served on the Company's Policy Committee and Board of Directors during 1998 and is also a partner in the law firm of Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP, which provided legal services to the Company and its subsidiaries during 1998. During the Company's 1998 fiscal year, no executive officer of the Company served as (i) a member of the compensation committee (or other board committee performing equivalent functions) of another entity, one of whose executive officers served on the Policy Committee or Section 162(m) Committee of the Company, (ii) a director of another entity, one of whose executive officers served on any of such committees, or (iii) a member of the compensation committee (or other board committee performing equivalent functions) of another entity, one of whose executive officers served as a director of the Company. PERFORMANCE GRAPH The following performance graph compares the cumulative total stockholder return on the Company's Common Stock with the cumulative total returns of the S&P 500 Stock Index and a peer group which consists of companies included by S&P in its published index for the Aluminum Industry. The graph assumes that the value of the investment in the Company's Common Stock and each index was $100 at December 31, 1993, and that all dividends were reinvested. The data points are calculated as of the last trading day for the year indicated.
INDEXED RETURNS Years Ending Base Period Company/Index Dec93 Dec94 Dec95 Dec96 Dec97 Dec98 - --------------------------------------------------------------------------- KAISER ALUMINUM CORPORATION 100 120.83 145.83 129.17 98.61 54.17 S&P ALUMINUM INDUSTRY INDEX 100 122.62 151.12 173.56 176.40 180.97 S&P 500 INDEX 100 101.32 139.40 171.40 228.59 293.91
CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS During the period from October 28, 1988, through June 30, 1993, the Company and its domestic subsidiaries were included in the consolidated federal income tax returns of MAXXAM. Payments or refunds for periods prior to July 1, 1993, related to foreign jurisdictions could still be required pursuant to the Company's and KACC's respective tax allocation agreements with MAXXAM. In accordance with the credit agreement entered into by the Company and KACC, any such payments to MAXXAM by KACC would require lender approval, except in certain circumstances. The tax allocation agreements of the Company and KACC with MAXXAM terminated pursuant to their terms, effective for taxable periods beginning after June 30, 1993. While the Company and KACC are severally liable for the MAXXAM tax group's federal income tax liability for all of 1993 and applicable prior periods, pursuant to the relevant tax allocation agreements, MAXXAM indemnifies the Company and KACC to the extent the tax liability exceeds amounts payable by them under such agreements. KACC and MAXXAM have an arrangement pursuant to which they reimburse each other for certain allocable costs associated with the performance of services by their respective employees. KACC paid a total of approximately $2.3 million to MAXXAM pursuant to such arrangements and MAXXAM paid approximately $3.0 million to KACC pursuant to such arrangements in respect of 1998. Generally, KACC and MAXXAM endeavor to minimize the need for reimbursement by ensuring that employees are employed by the entity to which the majority of their services are rendered. Mr. Levin, a director of the Company and KACC, is a partner in the law firm of Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP, which provides legal services to the Company and its subsidiaries. On April 17, 1995, SHRP, Ltd. and two affiliated entities, SHRP Acquisition, Inc. and SHRP Capital Corp., filed voluntary corporate petitions under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code. Their bankruptcy plan has since been confirmed and the transactions contemplated by the bankruptcy reorganization plan were consummated on October 6, 1995. Mr. Hurwitz has served as a director and Chairman of the Board of SHRP, Inc., SHRP, Ltd.'s sole general partner prior to SHRP Ltd.'s bankruptcy reorganization, and as a director, Chairman of the Board and President of SHRP Capital Corp., a subsidiary of SHRP, Ltd. which was dissolved effective December 31, 1997. Mr. Haymaker's son, George T. Haymaker III, is an executive officer of Coast Aluminum and Architectural ("Coast"), a distributor of aluminum products, including products manufactured by KACC. During 1998 Coast purchased approximately $14 million of products from KACC. COMPLIANCE WITH SECTION 16(a) OF THE EXCHANGE ACT Based solely upon a review of the copies of the Forms 3, 4 and 5 and amendments thereto furnished to the Company with respect to its most recent fiscal year, and written representations from reporting persons that no other Form 5s were required, the Company believes that all filing requirements were complied with which were applicable to its officers, directors and greater than 10% beneficial owners. OTHER MATTERS Independent Public Accountants Arthur Andersen LLP, the Company's independent public accountants, has completed its audit with respect to the Company's 1998 fiscal year. Representatives of Arthur Andersen LLP plan to attend the Annual Meeting and will be available to answer appropriate questions. Such representatives will also have an opportunity to make a statement at the Annual Meeting, if they so desire. Stockholder Proposals for the 2000 Annual Meeting of Stockholders The Company's Amended and Restated By-laws require that the Company receive written notice of any proposals which stockholders intend to present at the 2000 Annual Meeting (other than those submitted for inclusion in the Company's proxy material pursuant to Rule 14a-8 of the Exchange Act), and any nominations by stockholders of persons for election or reelection as directors of the Company, by no earlier than February 19, 2000, and no later than March 20, 2000. The foregoing notice is required to set forth (i) as to each person whom the stockholder proposes to nominate for election or reelection as a director, all information relating to such person that is required to be disclosed in solicitation of proxies for election of directors, or is otherwise required, in each case, pursuant to Regulation 14A under the Exchange Act (including such person's written consent to being named in the proxy statement as a nominee and to serving as a director if elected); and (ii) as to any other business that the stockholder proposes to bring before the meeting, a brief description of such business, the reasons for conducting such business at the meeting, and any material interest in such business of the stockholder submitting the notice and the beneficial owner, if any, on whose behalf the nomination or proposal is being made, as well as (a) the name and address of such stockholder, as they appear on the Company's books, and of such beneficial owner, if applicable, and (b) the class and number of shares of the Company which are owned beneficially and of record by such stockholder and such beneficial owner, if applicable. A copy of the provision referred to above may be obtained, without charge, upon written request to the Company's Secretary. Proposals intended to be presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of Stockholders pursuant to Rule 14a-8 of the Exchange Act must be received by December 21, 1999, in order to be included in the Company's proxy statement and form of proxy relating to that meeting. Any stockholder proposals or nominations must be sent to the Company's Secretary at the Company's executive offices at 5847 San Felipe, Suite 2600, Houston, Texas 77057. Other Matters The cost of mailing and soliciting proxies in connection with the Annual Meeting will be borne by the Company. The Company will, if requested, reimburse banks, brokerage houses and other custodians, nominees and certain fiduciaries for their reasonable expenses incurred in mailing proxy material to their principals. Proxies may be solicited by directors, officers and employees of the Company without special remuneration. The Company has retained Corporate Investor Communications, Inc. to assist in the distribution and solicitation of proxies at an estimated cost of approximately $5,000, plus reasonable out-of-pocket expenses. In addition to the use of mails, proxies may be solicited by personal interviews, facsimile or telephone. By Order of the Board of Directors /S/ John Wm. Niemand II JOHN WM. NIEMAND II Secretary April 19, 1999 Houston, Texas - ------------------------------------------------------------- Table of Contents Notice of Annual Meeting of Stockholders Proxy Statement Election of Directors. . . . . . . . . . . .3 Other Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 The Board of Directors and its Committees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Executive Officers and Directors. . . . . . 6 Principal Stockholders. . . . . . . . . . .11 Executive Compensation. . . . . . . . . . .13 Report of the Compensation Committees on Executive Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Performance Graph . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Certain Transactions. . . . . . . . . . . .27 Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act. . . . . . . . . . . .27 Other Matters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 - ------------------------------------------------------------- KAISER ALUMINUM CORPORATION - ------------------------------------------------------------ Notice of 1999 Annual Meeting and Proxy Statement - ------------------------------------------------------------ Important Please sign and date your proxy card and promptly return it in the enclosed envelope. SKU KAC-PROXY-1999P Printed on recycled paper. Appendix A PROXY KAISER ALUMINUM CORPORATION Solicited on behalf of the Board of Directors for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held May 19, 1999 The undersigned hereby appoints GEORGE T. HAYMAKER, JR., CHARLES E. HURWITZ, JOHN T. LA DUC and E. Bruce Butler as proxies (each with power to act alone, or jointly, and with power of substitution) to vote, as designated on the reverse side, all shares of Common Stock the undersigned is entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 19, 1999, and at any and all adjournments or postponements thereof. PLEASE COMPLETE, SIGN, DATE AND RETURN PROMPTLY IN ENCLOSED ENVELOPE /SEE REVERSE SIDE/ CONTINUED AND TO BE SIGNED ON REVERSE SIDE /SEE REVERSE SIDE/ /X/ Please mark votes as in this example. WHEN PROPERLY EXECUTED, THIS PROXY WILL BE VOTED AS DESIGNATED BY THE UNDERSIGNED. IF NO CHOICE IS SPECIFIED, THE PROXY WILL BE VOTED "FOR" THE ELECTION OF NOMINEES TO THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 1. Election of Directors Nominees: Robert J. Cruikshank, George T. Haymaker, Jr., Charles E. Hurwitz, Ezra G. Levin, Raymond J. Milchovich and James D. Woods. FOR ALL WITHHOLD NOMINEES / / / / FROM ALL (except as marked NOMINEES to the contrary) / / --------------------------------------------- To withhold authority to vote for any individual nominee(s) while voting for the remainder mark the box and write the name of the nominee(s) for which authority is withheld in the space above. 2. In their discretion, the proxies are authorized to vote upon such other matters as may properly come before the meeting or any adjournments or postponements thereof, hereby revoking any instruction(s) heretofore given by the undersigned. MARK HERE FOR ADDRESS CHANGE AND NOTE AT LEFT / / Please sign name(s) exactly as printed hereon. If stock is held in the name of more than one person, EACH person should sign. Executors, administrators, trustees, etc., should give full title as such. If a corporation, please sign full corporate name by duly authorized officer. If a partnership, please sign in partnership name by authorized person. Signature(s): Title(s): Date: ----------- ----------- --------- Appendix B Pre-Registration Form If you plan to attend the Annual Meeting of Stockholders at 11:30 a.m., local time, on Wednesday, May 19, 1999, at Waterwood National Resort and Country Club, 1 Waterwood Parkway, Huntsville, Texas, you may use this form to pre-register and expedite your admission to the meeting. If you choose to pre-register, you will only be required to verify your identity at the registration table with a driver's license or other appropriate identification bearing a photograph to enter the meeting. If you are a Stockholder of record, please complete this form and send it to the address set forth below, or call the toll-free number listed below and provide your information. If you hold your shares through your broker, bank or other nominee, please complete and return this form accompanied by your brokerage or similar statement demonstrating that you owned shares of Common Stock as of the close of business on March 23, 1999, in order to pre-register. Please return this Pre-Registration Form, together with proof of ownership of Common Stock as of March 23, 1999, if necessary, to: Kaiser Aluminum Corporation, 5847 San Felipe, Suite 2600, Houston, Texas 77057, attention: Stockholder Meeting Pre-Registration. For further information, you may call toll-free 1-800-256-1601. I plan to attend the Company's Annual Meeting of Stockholders on May 19, 1999. 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